Mussolini: Cover Boy

Did not like his cover photo

L'Asino (The Donkey) was an Italian magazine of political satire founded in Rome on November 27, 1892.1 The publication opposed the Fascist dictatorship of Benito Mussolini2 and was forced to suspend publication in the spring of 1925 due to a new law that restricted press freedom.3 Mussolini did not like his cover photo by Gabriele Galantara.4

Mascha has reviewed the role of political humor expressed in early Italian satirical journals in the period 1919–1924. 5 The Press Office of the Presidency of the Council est. in 1922 controlled most of the literary and radio channels in Italy (later the Ministry of Popular Culture).6

Here are the archives of L’Asino.


Davis, John A. (2000), “Italy” pp. 81-124 in Goldstein, Robert Justin. 2000. The war for the public mind political censorship in nineteenth-century Europe. Westport, Conn: Praeger.


Mascha, Efharis. “Political Satire and Hegemony: A Case of ‘passive Revolution’ During Mussolini’s Ascendance to Power 1919–1925.” Humor (Berlin, Germany) 21, no. 1 (2008): 69–98.


Morganti, Emanuela. “L’Asino e Mussolini. Il Ventennio Del Circo.” Il Circo, XLIII (11), 2011. (The Donkey and Mussolini. The twenty years of the circus).


Podrecca, Guido, Gabriele Galantara, and Edio Vallini. 1973. L'Asino è il popolo: utile, paziente e bastonato. Milano: Feltrinelli.


Idid., Mascha.


Bonsaver, Guido. Censorship and Literature in Fascist Italy . Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007.